5 Oldest Ancient Civilizations of the World

Located in Mesopotamia, the Sumerians are credited with establishing one of the world's earliest complex societies.

Sumerians (circa 4500–1900 BCE)

Flourishing along the Nile River, ancient Egypt left an indelible mark on history.

Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Their advanced urban planning included a grid layout and efficient drainage systems.

Indus Valley Civilization

China's ancient history spans a vast period, but its earliest dynasties, such as the Xia and Shang

Ancient Chinese Civilization

The Golden Age of Greece witnessed achievements in literature, architecture, and the sciences.

Ancient Greek Civilization